Factors Leading To Male Infertility


The reasons for male infertility can be various. Due to this, men lose their ability to make their partner pregnant. The condition can be managed with treatments, which increases the chances of conception.

What causes male infertility?

Here are several potent factors that contribute to male infertility:

Sperm-related disorders

Sperms are the male reproductive cells that fertilize the ovum, which are the female reproductive cells. One of the most common causes of male infertility is low sperm count.

Sperms are produced in the testicles and after maturing, they are moved to the ducts and then carried to the urethra before ejaculation. When the count is very low in the semen, the person may struggle to impregnate their partner.

Besides, sperm morphology and motility are also necessary. When the sperm is deformed in shape and size, this affects their motility. The inability to swim to the ovum swiftly is termed motility.

If the sperm motility is low, this affects their ability to swim properly to the ovum and fertilize it.  

Genetic factors

Genetic factors such as mutations, chromosomal abnormalities, and inheritance, can play a significant role in fertility issues in males. 

It is necessary to understand the genetic factors that lead to male infertility. This issue can be managed with the help of diagnostic evaluations, counseling, and personalized treatment strategies.

The healthcare expert may recommend genetic testing for men with unreasonable infertility or a family history of genetic-related problems linked to fertility.

Hormonal imbalances

Testosterone is the primary hormone that is required for sperm production. A decrease in the levels of this hormone contributes to issues related to sexual function and fertility problems.

Not only does testosterone imbalance affect sperm production, but also several other hormones. They include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), thyroid hormones, or prolactin. They also have some role in fertility and sperm health.


Varicocele is a condition characterized by swelling of the veins of the testicles. It causes the drain of the testicle, leading to overheating of the testicles. The heat can affect the sperm production.

Varicoceles is quite common and it is treatable to a greater extent. Through its treatment, one can eliminate male infertility.

Reproductive tract obstructions

In some cases, the reproductive tract may become blocked or obstructed, which can prevent the movement of sperm to the urethra. The blockages can happen due to infections, congenital abnormalities, or past surgical procedures.

This can prevent sperm from being ejaculated, as a result, fertilization does not happen.

Lifestyle factors

If you are among those who cannot live without smoking and alcohol, then it is high time you give up such habits. Smoke releases toxic substances in your body. These harmful substances can affect sperm production.

The effects of such hazardous substances can contribute to the damage to sperm DNA. This leads to sperm fertility. Besides, alcohol can trigger hormonal imbalances, thereby affecting sperm count.

Moreover, you have to be careful of what you consume. An unhealthy diet can lead to excessive weight gain and obesity. This again causes hormonal fluctuations, that hinder sexual function.  

Men with ED problems can use ED medicines such as Kamagra 50. These medicines boost blood flow in the penile arteries and restore erection function.

Environmental factors

Long-term exposure to polluted environments can impact sperm production and decrease the count. This is so because polluted environments contain toxic chemicals, heavy metals, and pesticides, that can have a detrimental impact on sperm production.

Psychological factors

Psychological factors like stress, anxiety, depression, relationship problems, etc. can badly impact sexual function, sex drive, and fertility of the individual.

These issues can be managed with several techniques, including meditation, yoga, spending time in nature, exercising, and so on. One can even opt for psychotherapy to overcome such problems.

Ways to test male fertility  

Basic physical examination

The healthcare professional will ask you some questions regarding your general health and family history. They will conduct your manual examination and enquire about health conditions, illnesses, infections, recent or past surgical procedures, sexual habits, etc.

Semen analysis  

Semen is the fluid, that gets ejaculated during sex. It contains sperm cells. Its analysis will reveal the issues of fertility in males.

This test checks for sperm count, volume, health, motility, and viability. When the sperm health is optimal, the success rate of conception is high.   

Hormone testing

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are the two hormones that have a role in producing sperm. When their levels are imbalanced, sperm production is affected.

To know the levels of these hormones, the healthcare provider will suggest a blood sample test.

Besides these tests, they may also recommend several other tests like transrectal ultrasound, scrotal ultrasound, genetic tests, and testicular biopsy.

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